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Diabetes (type 1 and type 2) in children and young people: diagnosis and management (NICE clinical guideline 9)

Published: 01/08/2015

This guideline was produced by the National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health (NCC-WCH) on behalf of the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE).

Who is it for?

  • Healthcare professionals that care for children and young people with diabetes
  • Commissioners and providers of diabetes services
  • Children and young people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, and their families and carers.


The guideline includes recommendations on:

  • Diagnosis
  • Management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes
  • Diagnosis and management of diabetic ketoacidosis in children and young people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes
  • Service provision

Diabetes is a long‑term condition that can have a major impact on the life of a child or young person, as well as their family or carers. In addition to insulin therapy, diabetes management should include education, support and access to psychological services, as detailed in this guideline. Preparations should also be made for the transition from paediatric to adult services, which have a somewhat different model of care and evidence base.