Plain language summary from BJOG's Stillbirth themed issue
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PartoMa guidelines help birth attendants in Tanzania to save lives
Every year, 3 million babies die on the day of birth. The vast majority of these deaths occur in the poorest countries. If their mothers had received better care during birth, most babies would have survived.
At Mnazi Mmoja Hospital, an East African referral hospital, the PartoMa study shows that use of locally developed guidelines helps birth attendants to deliver better quality of care, which has led to improved survival at birth.
At the hospital studied, resources are scarce. Each birth attendant assists four to six birthing women simultaneously, and many have less than 1 year of professional experience. International guidelines are available, but they are often unachievable and seldom applied.
The PartoMa guidelines were developed in close collaboration with the birth attendants and approved by seven international experts. The result is an 8-page pocket booklet providing locally achievable and simple decision support for care during birth.
Use of the PartoMa guidelines began in February 2015. As the staff group frequently changes, quarterly seminars are conducted where birth attendants are welcomed after working hours to learn about the guidelines. The guidelines have been positively received, and seminar attendance remains high.
Use of the PartoMa guidelines is associated with:
- A decrease by one-third in stillbirths (59 to 39 per 1000 total births)
- A nearly halving in the number of babies born in immediate poor medical condition (52 to 28 per 1000 live births)
The results presented here derive from a comparison of births before using the PartoMa guidelines and during the 9th–12th month of use. Such a ‘before-after’ study cannot exclude the possibility of other causes of better survival at birth. However, the improved survival is consistent with improved care during birth, which is in line with the PartoMa guidelines.
Reproduced from: Maaløe N, Housseine N, Meguid T, Nielsen BB, Jensen AKG, Khamis RS, Mohamed AG, Ali MM, Said SM, van Roosmalen J, Bygbjerg IC. Effect of locally tailored labour management guidelines on intrahospital stillbirths and birth asphyxia at the referral hospital of Zanzibar: a quasi-experimental pre-post study (The PartoMa study). BJOG 2018;125:235–245; https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.14933