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Fertility treatment

The type of treatment you might need to help with a fertility problem depends entirely on the nature of the problem. What is right for one person may not be right for another.

You may be advised to start with some simple lifestyle advice, for example losing weight or giving up smoking.

You may be offered drug therapies to stimulate regular ovulation or some kind of surgery (for example, to treat fibroids or endometriosis) or another type of fertility treatment may be suggested. This may be:

  • IUI (intrauterine insemination), where prepared sperm is injected directly into the womb (uterus), or
  • IVF (in-vitro fertilisation), where the ovaries are stimulated to produce a number of eggs, which are then extracted and fertilised in the laboratory before being returned to the womb.

For couples where there is a male fertility problem, ICSI (intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection) may be suggested which involves injecting a single sperm directly into the egg to improve the chances of conception. You may be offered some additional treatments too, and there is more information about these below.

Some couples may need to consider using sperm or eggs from a donor. Read more about using donor eggs and sperm.




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