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Gynaecological cancers

Women and her daughtersInformation for women, their partners and families about gynaecological cancers.

What are gynaecological cancers?

‘Gynaecological cancer’ refers to the five cancers that start in a woman’s reproductive system - click on the links for information about each type of gynaecological cancer:

Gynaecological cancer and the menopause

Some women are affected by gynaecological cancers before the menopause. Menopause does not cause cancer, but your risk of developing cancer does increase as you get older.

Coping with a cancer diagnosis

Being diagnosed with cancer, and the treatment that follows, can be a very difficult thing to cope with. The support of family, friends, healthcare professionals and other people who have had a similar experience can be hugely helpful during this time.

As well as information about diagnosis, treatment and management of gynaecological cancers, some of the organisations linked to in this section of the site include information about how you can access emotional support.

Preventing gynaecological cancers

Leading a healthy lifestyle can help to prevent cancers. During and after menopause is no different. The following measures will help you reduce your risk of cancer:

  • Take part in the cervical and breast screening programmes provided by the NHS
  • Exercise
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Don’t smoke and avoid second-hand smoke
  • Maintain a healthy body weight

Macmillian Cancer Support provide general healthy lifestyle information, tips and support to help you reduce risk of cancer.

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Elsewhere on the site

Medical terms explained
A–Z of common medical words in women’s health
About the RCOG
Find out about our work to improve women’s health worldwide