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Gynaecological cancers

Women and her daughtersThis section provides information for women, their partners and families about gynaecological cancers.

What are gynaecological cancers?

‘Gynaecological cancer’ refers to the five cancers that start in a woman’s reproductive system - click on the links for information about each type of gynaecological cancer:

Gynaecological cancer and the menopause

Some women are affected by gynaecological cancers before the menopause. Menopause does not cause cancer, but your risk of developing cancer does increase as you get older.

Coping with a cancer diagnosis

Being diagnosed with cancer, and the treatment that follows, can be a very difficult thing to cope with. The support of family, friends, healthcare professionals and other people who have had a similar experience can be hugely helpful during this time.

As well as information about diagnosis, treatment and management of gynaecological cancers, some of the organisations linked to in this section of the site include information about how you can access emotional support.

Preventing gynaecological cancers

Leading a healthy lifestyle can help to prevent cancers. During and after menopause is no different. The following measures will help you reduce your risk of cancer:

  • Take part in the cervical and breast screening programmes provided by the NHS
  • Exercise
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Don’t smoke and avoid second-hand smoke
  • Maintain a healthy body weight

NHS Choices provides general healthy lifestyle information, tips and support to help you reduce risk of cancer.

Making a choice about your treatment

There will be choices to make about the type of treatment you wish to receive. You will probably have a lot of questions and may wish to discuss your options with family and friends. To begin with, try to get answers to three key questions:

  • What are my options?
  • What are the pros and cons of each option for me?
  • How do I get support to help me make a decision that is right for me?

For more information about working with your healthcare professional to make the right choice for you, please visit the NHS Shared Decision Making website.

About the links on this page

Some of the information this page links to  is not produced by the RCOG. Our policy on publishing links to third-party sites outlines how we decide which sites to link to, and our terms and conditions include a disclaimer about the RCOG’s responsibility for information on linked sites.

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If you have any questions, please email womensvoices@rcog.org.uk.

Elsewhere on the site

Medical terms explained
A–Z of common medical words in women’s health
About the RCOG
Find out about our work to improve women’s health worldwide