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Improving human factors and situational awareness

Based on your feedback, we have produced a practical ‘mini-toolkit’ to improve human factors and situational awareness. It also is designed to require no resource for maternity providers to implement.



The toolkit has been produced in collaboration with the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and Atrainability (a human factors consulting firm). It consists of three elements, aimed at supporting implementation of the human factors recommendations about maintaining a helicopter view and situational awareness. This is a complex educational intervention that aims to change behaviours by reinforcing the video learning with simulation.


Watch the full video briefing

Learn about simulations you can do with your team

Further resources for human factors and situational awareness


Situational Awareness

Key recommendations


Staff undertaking a complex technical task should focus on it and delegate responsibility for looking at the overall picture to a colleague


A senior member of staff must maintain oversight of the activity on the delivery suite, especially when others are engaged in complex technical tasks.


All members of the clinical team working on the delivery suite need to understand the key principles of maintaining situational awareness to ensure the safe management of complex clinical situations.