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Early miscarriage

Published: 01/01/2008

Early miscarriage is when a woman loses her pregnancy in the first three months and may be accompanied by vaginal bleeding and pain.

Many early miscarriages occur before a woman has missed her first period or before her pregnancy has been confirmed. Once you have had a positive pregnancy test, there is around a one in five (20%) risk of having a miscarriage in the first three months. Most miscarriages occur as a ‘one-off’ (sporadic) event and there is a good chance of having a successful pregnancy in the future.

This patient information leaflet covers:

  • The risk of having an early miscarriage
  • Your choices if you have an early miscarriage
  • Follow-up
  • Trying for another baby
  • How you might feel
  • Sources of further information and help

This patient information leaflet is based on the RCOG clinical guideline Management of Early Pregnancy Loss, which contains a full list of the sources of evidence used to produce this guidance.

In line with the College process of reviewing all guidance every three years, this information is currently under review. The information in this version is still valid.